(407) 275-7700 [email protected]

How Does Tooth Decay Happen?

Tooth decay is the process by which a tooth’s enamel is weakened and damaged. This can lead to a number of problems, including cavities and dental caries. Fillings are one way to repair damage caused by tooth decay.

Tooth decay is caused by acids that attack the tooth’s enamel. These acids are produced when sugars in the mouth interact with bacteria. The best way to prevent tooth decay is to brush regularly and floss daily.



Your teeth are covered with a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. When you eat and drink, the bacteria in plaque produce acids that can cause the enamel or root surface to break down. Plaque collects around the gumline and on the chewing surfaces of your molars in the back of your mouth, putting these areas at higher risk of developing decay.
You might not notice any signs or symptoms of early decay, but more advanced tooth decay can have several symptoms:
  • Food trapped frequently between teeth;
  •  Discomfort or pain in or around your mouth;
  • difficulty biting down on certain foods;
  • sensitivity to hot, cold, or even sweet foods;
  • bad breath;
  • white, then later dark spots on your teeth.

Good dental hygiene is the key to preventing tooth decay. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss regularly. Drinking water that contains fluoride can also help prevent tooth decay.